Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such as Kano, Kaduna, Oyo, Ondo, Kwara, Katsina, Jigawa, Ogun, Kebbi, Sokoto & Zamfara state.
Cotton belongs to the Gossypium family, it has a soft in texture, fluffy in nature and is a staple fibre that grows in a boll (boll tend to increase the dispersal of the seeds) around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the family of Malvaceae.
Production of cotton in the country has been in existence since 1903, until 1974, the British Cotton Growers Association has been taking the lead.
Cotton plant is a shrub which is mainly grown in the tropical and subtropical areas including the Americas, Africa, and India. Before the oil boom in Nigeria, it has been one of the major cash crop exported to other countries, but due to the negligence of the government, the cultivation and exportation of cotton have reduced greatly.
There are recent fears that cotton might go extinct if proper and adequate measures aren't followed because what was usually been produced from cotton are now majorly imported and not only does it affect the agricultural aspect of the country it also discourages the farmers as their hopes of livelihood tend to be closing on them.
But all hopes aren't lost as the government is striving to revive back cotton seed production and in this sense, also advised farmers on quality cotton seeds, enough input, and other related vital information as it will help in generating a better outcome.
For planting indoor
For planting outdoor
Cotton farming is a lucrative business just like oil palm, almost all its parts can be processed into one or multiple products.
Cotton and its uses can be dated from 5000 BC and are used mostly as a fabric.
The cottonseed contains oil which is extracted and processed using any suitable process, and then refined to remove unwanted materials, it can then be consumed by humans like any other vegetable oil or used as biodiesel when further processed.