Melon Seed (Egusi) Main Producing States In Nigeria

Egusi seed is widely grown in West Africa with Nigeria accounting for about 65% of total production. The areas of high melon seed production in the country include Enugu, Benue, Nasarawa, Taraba and Kogi state.

Melon seed (Colocynthis Citrullus lanatus) is rich in fat and protein and comes from the family of cucurbitaceous (gourd) together with watermelon, muskmelon, and others, it is small and flat, and has greyish white, green and yellow colour.


Melon seed producing states in Nigeria


The fruit is mostly large with a hard skin which may or may not be edible and contains seeds, the seeds whether large like that of watermelon or not possess similar characteristics and uses.

Melon seeds grow in gourds and yields more in warm temperatures (sunny regions and well-drained soils).

It can be planted in a nursery and later transferred or directly planted, when mature, the gourds which contain the seed are harvested and left to ferment, after which the fermented flesh is washed off the seeds which seeds are then dried to make it easier for the light brown husks to be removed by hand or mechanically (using machines).


Uses of melon seed

  • The seed is mostly used in Nigeria and some Western African countries as well in cooking soup known as “Egusi soup”.
  • The seed can be further processed to extract the oil content in the seed, and the oil is used as a vegetable oil.
  • The melon seeds are used in baking, and confectioneries, and can further be processed into snack foods.
  • It can also be consumed after roasting.

The seed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, protein, fats, vitamins, and other nutrients, though it has no particular scent, it is nutty and has a sweet taste. 

Related Information:

Tobacco Cultivation In Nigeria And The States That Produces It

Some West African countries like Nigeria are widely into the cultivation of Tobacco, in South West Nigeria, tobacco is the most widely cultivated cash crop and the states include; Osun, Oyo, Kwara and Sokoto state. Tobacco known...

Oil Palm Plantation And The Nigerian States That Produces It

Oil palm cultivation is originally from Western Africa which is located in a tropical area but currently grown throughout Africa, Asia, North America, and South America, currently, Nigeria palm oil production accounts for 7% of total...

Information on Cocoa Agriculture Produce States in Nigeria

West Africa has one of the largest cocoa producing countries where Nigeria is the 4th largest global producer of cocoa, which means they are literally behind the 3 first producing states which are Ivory Coast, Indonesia,...