About African Pear or Bush Pears and its Health Benefits

African pear or bush pear is a native fruit of the West African mainly found in South East Nigeria popularly called Ube.

It is mainly eaten with roasted or cooked corn. It is pink in colour when unripe but turns dark purple when ripped; It has a butter-like nature when roasted or dipped in hot water and is enjoyed by all.


1.  Rich in Antioxidants

The fruit plays important role in microbial activities role as an antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-sickle cell diseases.

These antioxidant and anti-microbial properties contained in bush pears are very active and effective at the fresh state and even when boiled.

They help to slow the effects of microorganisms on the body as well as ward off disease-causing organism in the human body.


2.  Boosts Immune System

Bush pears help to improve immunity due to the presence of vitamin C which helps the immune system to resist certain diseases and also maintain a healthy immunity.

Immune boosting property in African bush pear comes from vitamin C and essential minerals that act as antioxidants that helps to strengthen immunity and improve the infection-fighting ability of the immune systems.


3.  Helps in Protein Synthesis

Pantothenate known as vitamin B5 is an essential nutrient found in bush pears which helps to synthesize protein, fats and carbohydrates and as well contributes to the production of adrenal hormones and red blood cells.


4.  Promote Skin health

They are rich in oil which contains several nutrients in the green coloured part when the purple flesh is been peeled helps to treat some skin disease such as ringworm, craw-craw and related others.

The pulpy pericarp can be eaten raw or boiled and exhibits butter qualities, rich in minerals and oil according to nutritionists and are good for the skin.

Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant and a dietary supplement just as riboflavin; both nutrients help to keep the skin glowing.


5.  Reduces Constipation

Soluble fibre content on bush pear is a good property that gives it the ability to reduce constipation, aid to a normal bowel movement.

This fibre contains pectin, cellulose and lignin that resist the action of the digestive enzyme. Pectin helps to control diarrhoea and binds substance in the intestine.


6.  Lowers High Blood Pressure

Bush pears have small clustered seeds enclosed by mesocarp which is also nutritious and helps to reduce blood pressure and risk of stroke.

It is advisable to be eating at least 5 portions of fruits per day including African pears or related due to its potassium contents that help to lower high blood pressure and prevent the risk of stroke.


7.  Promote Healthy Bones And Teeth

Some important minerals such as calcium and phosphorus present in the fruit are the central players for healthy teeth and bones.

These minerals have key roles to play in the skeletal system; calcium helps in maintaining bone health, muscle contraction immune system and blood clotting.

Phosphorus on its own is very important for the formation and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth in both adults and children.


8.  Prevents Cancer

Regular consumption of this fruit helps to fight against cancer because of the presence of phytochemicals which is a micronutrient that fights against diseases in the human body.


9.  They are Allergy-Free Fruits

Bush pears is a native African fruit eaten by all ages both children and adults; they are being classified as a hypoallergenic fruit because they don't cause any allergic reactions.


10.    Reduces the Risk of Diabetes

African pears are rich in vitamins and minerals that play important roles in controlling the blood sugar level.

Carbohydrate content in African pears has a low glycemic index (GI) and is slowly digested and metabolised in the sense that hinders the spiking of blood glucose levels which causes diabetes.


11.     Reduces Age-Related Diseases

Studies have shown that regular consumption of this fruit slows the risk of macular degeneration in aged people.

The above statement is true for African pears because they exhibit strong antioxidants properties that help to prevent some age-related illness which causes poor vision.


12.  Good For Pregnancy

You may be surprised to hear that African pear; called ube in Igbo is a pregnancy super fruit. It contains natural folic acid which is very good in pregnancy. supplement.

The presence of folic acid in bush pears (African pears) helps to prevent deficiencies in baby's brain and spinal cord.

African pear (ube) is rich in sugars, carbohydrates, fibre, folate, pantothenate and vitamins such as vitamin B6, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, the antioxidant vitamin (vitamin C) which helps to fight the free radicals in the body.


African pears contain some medicinal properties that make them useful for alternative medical doctors to treat various illnesses such as fever, wounds, dysentery, skin diseases and others.


Nutritional Chart for Bush Pear






Total Fat




Total Carbohydrate






Dietary Fibre


Vitamin C



















Scientific studies have shown that this African pear contains major nutrients which the body requires daily. Some of these nutrients pantothenate, vitamins carbohydrates, sugars, folate, fibre and others represented in the table above.


Is African Pear (Ube) fattening?

African pear doesn’t cause overweight that is to say it is not fattening because it contains healthy lipid without any measure of cholesterol.

On the hand, it has natural carbohydrates and sugar in a low amount which are not linked to overweight.

This type of pears is best enjoyed with boiled or roasted corn. It is usually harvested during the period in which maize is been harvested.


African Pear Seeds

The seeds of African pear, in other words, bush pear (ube in Igbo) are considered medicinal and nutritional just as the flesh is to human health.

These seeds are used to moderate high blood pressure. To use it for this, put seeds under the sun to dry then grind into powdered form and used in tea for hypertensive persons to control the blood pressure.



Bush pear is packed important nutrients such as antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to human health which ranges from cancer prevention to bones and skin improvement and more.

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