Nutritional benefits of African Pear or Bush Pears
African pear or bush pear is a native fruit of the West African mainly found in the South East Nigeria popularly called Ube, It is mainly eaten with roasted or cooked corn. It is pink in colour when unripe but turns dark purple when ripped; some people refer to it as butterfruit due to the buttery taste in its pulpy pericarp when steamed to a certain temperature.
Studies has shown that this African pear contains carbohydrates, sugars, fibre, vitamins such as thiamine, pantothenate, folate, vitamin C and B6, niacin and riboflavin. Bush pear is packed with many antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to human health which some of them are discussed below:
i. African pears contain some medicinal properties that make them useful for alternative medical doctors to treat various illnesses such as fever, wounds, dysentery, skin diseases and others.
ii. The fruit plays important role in microbial activities role as antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-sicklecell diseases.
iii. Bush pears help to improve immunity due to the presence of vitamin C which helps the immune system to resist certain diseases and also maintain a healthy skin. Vitamin C is a strong antioxidant and a dietary supplement that can prevent scurvy and keep the skin glowing. Other types of vitamins such as riboflavin (dietary supplement) present in the fruit perform related function.
iv. Pantothenate known as vitamin B5 is an essential nutrient found in bush pears which helps to synthesize protein, fats and carbohydrates and as well contributes to the manufacture of adrenal hormones and red blood cells.
v. They are rich in oil which contains several nutrients in the green coloured part when the purple back is been peeled helps to treat some skin disease such as ringworm, craw-craw and related others.
vi. Soluble fibre content on bush pear is a good property that gives it the ability to reduce constipation, aid to a normal bowel movement. This fibre contains pectin, cellulose and lignin that resist the action of the digestive enzyme.
vii. Bush pears have small clustered seeds enclosed by mesocarp which is also nutritious and helps to reduce blood pressure and risk of stroke.
viii. Some important minerals such as calcium and phosphorus are also present in the fruit. These minerals have key roles to play in the skeletal system; calcium helps in the nerves, muscle contraction immune system and blood clotting while phosphorus keeps the bones and teeth healthy.
ix. Regular consumption of this fruit helps to fight against cancer because of the presence of phytochemicals which is a micronutrient that fights against diseases in human body.
Bush pears is a native African fruit eaten by all ages both children and adults; they are being classified as hypoallergenic fruit because they don't cause any allergic reactions.
The pulpy pericarp can be eaten raw or boiled and exhibits butter qualities, rich in minerals and oil according to nutritionists. Reports have shown that regular consumption of this fruit prevents the risk of macular degeneration in aged people.