Salt Mineral Deposit States In Nigeria And Its Health Benefits

Salt is one of the most common mineral resources in Nigeria, Africa and the world in general as it is seen and used daily mostly in cooking and in preservation, and also for its health benefits to humans. Salt is of different kinds such as the table salt, sea salt, Himalayan pink salt, red salt, smoked salt, black salt, Persian blue salt, grey salt etc, but in Nigeria, the most popular is the table salt and sea salt.

Salt is found in larger deposits in Ebonyi State whose slogan is " the salt of the nation”, other places of deposits includes Abia, Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River, Anambra, Imo, Katsina and Sokoto State.

 

Salt mineral deposits in Nigeria

 

Sodium Chloride (NaCl) which is also known as common salt is the major constituent in salt; it has a boiling point of 1,413 °C and melting point of 801 °C. Salt, also called halite is a mineral that occurs naturally in a crystalline form, it is mostly present in seawater as the principal mineral constituent and is found in large quantities.

The processing of salt is done in the salt mines and begins either by the evaporation of seawater naturally or by brine.

By natural evaporation of sea water, the water is collected and placed in shallow ponds in the salt mines where it is allowed to evaporate by the aid of the sun and the wind during which a salt bed is formed on the bottom of the pond, by Brine method, a solution of salt in water is subjected to electrolysis to get chlorine gas at the anode, hydrogen gas at the cathode and sodium hydroxide left in the solution.

The equation of the brine solution is below;

2NaCl (aq) + 2H2O (l)  → 2Na+ (aq) + 2OH-(aq) + Cl2 (g) + H2 (g)

 

Nigeria is rich in natural brines just like many other African countries but it is saddening to say that of the rich salt deposit states in Nigeria that the country cannot boast of one salt processing industry and even spends millions of Nigeria in the importation of salt in the country.

 

Health benefits of salt

  • It helps to control the body’s fluid balance.
  • It helps in controlling the functioning of the muscles and the nerves.
  • Promotes a healthy weight and fast metabolism when consumed adequately.
  • It aids in balancing the blood sugar levels.
  • It stabilizes irregular heartbeats.

It has been proved that even though salt has a lot of benefits, that the health benefits of Celtic sea salt and Himalayan salt are greater. Salt is good for the body and bad too if it is taken in excess as it can cause water retention, heart disease or failure due to increase in blood pressure.

 

Uses of Salt

  • Salt is used in cooking and is present in many processed foods.
  • Salt water is used for preserving food any much more.

  • Is used in household cleaning, and in the production of bleach, soaps, detergents, and dyes.
  • It can be used also as a health and beauty product.
  • Salt is mostly used by industrial companies in the production of plastic, paper, glass, polyester, rubber, and fertilisers.


Related Information:

Vital Information on Chalcopyrite (CuFeS2) Deposits In Nigeria

Chalcopyrite is one of the few natural minerals found in Nigeria that are not richly deposited in the country, and in Africa, it can also be found in Zambia and South Africa. Chalcopyrite deposit in the...

Clay Natural Depositions In The Nigerian States And Its Uses

Clay Mineral Deposits - Africa is endowed with clay rich countries and clay is gotten from majority of the states in Nigeria, and is deposited in most of the states in larger quantities, the states include;...

Coal Mineral Deposits In Nigeria And Its Uses

Coal Deposits - Some Africa countries like Nigeria is blessed with coal rich states especially Enugu which is known as the “the coal city” because of its vast coal deposits, other states include; Benue, Kogi, Delta, Kwara, Plateau, Abia, Anambra, Bauchi, Edo,...