Ways to Start a Soybeans Farming Business

Soybeans also known as soya beans is one of the sources of protein and very necessary for body nourishment to both children and adults. 

Soybeans are used in producing varieties of foods such as soy sauce, soy milk, oil, tofu, and also used in making animal feeds. And this makes the soybeans to be one of the best farming businesses you can think of. 

Soybeans farming business is one of the profitable farming businesses you can engage in because of its high demand and it is used all over the world. 

Soybeans as a protein-rich in food and its demand have increased in many parts of the world. It is also very easy to plant and cultivate and that makes it a profitable farming business that will provide you with a regular income.

So if you wish to start a soybean, the below tips will guide you on how to start a soybeans farming business.

1. Know The Variety Of The Soybeans You Want to Specialize on

In starting up a soybeans farming business, it is important to decide on the type you want to engage in. 

Because there are many types of soybeans and may vary and some can be affected by climate conditions or soil characteristics, including soil moisture and its compositions. So it is advisable to know the variety that grows well and when is the best time to plant it.  

In a situation whereby you know about the different types of soybeans, including their uses and the ones that are more profitable, it will help you to decide on the one you can operate on. 

Soybeans types include Green soybeans or green seeded soybeans, Black soybeans and Yellow soybeans. The green soybeans are mainly used for consumption, the black soybeans are used for drying, while the yellow soybeans are been harvested for processing foods like soymilk. 

So you can decide to specialize in one or type of soybean, but depending on your market target. Ensure that you make a detailed research about the soybeans type, to know their market value and need for each of them in your area. 

2. Get a Land

Finding suitable land for soybean farming is very essential because it will also enhance the overall growth and production of your crop. 

If you want a profitable soybean farming business, then to get at least a plot land, which is the minimum requirement for a commercial soybean farming that provides a sufficient amount of space to cultivate a large number of soybeans. 

And you have to ensure that the land is fertile enough, if not so; then can you improve it by applying a mixture of mulch, peat moss or sand. The waterlogged environment is not a suitable environment for planting a soybean.  

3. Soil Requirement 

While looking for a land, you have to consider the soil in that area, to make the soil drains water easily. 

It is not advisable to get a land with the bad soil compositing because it will affect the growth and development of the soybeans, though bad soil composition can be treated with manure to suit your farming needs. 

The best soil for soybeans cultivation should be fertile and well-drained loamy soil. 

Therefore to know if the soil is good for the farming practice is very essential; you can test the soil by testing them in order to make sure that it has a normal pH level, so as to prevent it from having high or low acidity. 

The right amount of pH of the soil is supposed to be at the range of 6.0 to 7.5.

4. Land Preparation

Land preparation is very important because it will aid in the proper development and management of your crops. 

So it is important that before you start planting, you have to remove all the unwanted weeds, grasses and others. 

The land needs to be plowed and condition its soil composition. It can be done manually by hiring few laborers or can also be done with the use of mechanized farming equipment.  

Soybean should be cultivated on the well-crushed bed. Preparing the land should be by the deep smashing of the land surfaces. You should also provide surface drains with a gentle slope for a good drainage system. 

5. Planting and Maintenance 

Knowing the best time to cultivate your soybeans and how it can be planted is very important because it will also contribute to the proper growth and development of your crop. 

Soybean is best planted around May – June and can be due for harvesting around October – November. Also, it is good to cultivate your soybeans when the soil temperature is about 60 F (15.5 C) and the air is expected to be 70 F (21 C). 

It is advisable not to plant your soybeans close to onions. While planting your soybean, it is good to always change the farmland every 3 years for a higher yield. In planting your soybeans, endeavor to supply water, until it starts growing. There should enough be enough space while planting them like 4 to 7 inches

6. Soybeans Pest and Diseases Control

In planting your soybeans, you should take proper care of it, in order to avoid pests and diseases. Any effect of the pest diseases on the crop can lead to reduced plant production and decreases the amount of crop production. 

Some of the pests that attack the soybeans crops are; Pod suckers, bugs, bean flies, caterpillars, whitefly, nematodes, silver leaf, etc. 

And this pest and diseases can be controlled by buying the recommended pesticides and insecticides such as Dimethoate + cypermethrin 10EC at 100ml and mix it in 15 liters of water. 

The diseases that commonly affect soybeans are known as Soya Bean Crop Rust, Soya Bean Mosaic Virus, Bacterial Blight, Frog Eye Leaf, etc., but it can be treated and controlled by removing all the sick plants from the farm.  

It can also be controlled with the use of disease-resistant varieties and crop rotation practices. 

7. Harvesting

Harvesting of soybeans can be complicated and studious. The harvesting starts from three months (100 to 160 days) after planting it. 

The soybeans must have matured at that time and needs to be harvested, and you can know by proper observation during that time you will notice that about 90% of the pods have turned into brown color. It is best to harvest in drought weather.

You should also know the proper growth and development of your soybeans solely depends on the type of soybeans you planted. 

The soybeans can be harvested when they are dry if they are well developed. It can also be harvested when the soybeans are completely dry and the pods start opening. Therefore, it is very essential to know the best time you can harvest your soybeans.  

8. Planting of the Seed

In planting your soybeans, it is required that the seeds are planted very well. You have to sow its seed 1.5 inches (3.8cm) so deep into the soil and try as much as possible to space the beans with about 3 inches (7.6cm) apart. The soybeans should be planted in rows with about 30 inches (76cm). 

It is important to note that seed should face the ground and then apply water, immediately after planting. These will help to prevent soil diseases and rodents. 

The planting can be done manually by placing 3 or more seeds in the soil and then close it using the surface soil. Soybeans can also be planted with machines such as a planter or a seed drill and that makes it faster. 

9. Fertilizer Application 

Soybeans as a leguminous crop do not need many inorganic fertilizers. The crop naturally gives nitrogen to the soil using nitrogen fixation through the plant root nodules. 

In planting the soybeans, it is not a must to apply inorganic fertilizers, unless on special purposes. It is also important to know that you can apply a fertilizer that contains other soil nutrients after you have conducted a soil test in determining the nutrients that lack in the soil. 

Besides nitrogen, a supply of phosphorus is also needed in the soybean crop, in order to enhance proper root growth. The amount of phosphorus to be applied should be at 30kg per hectare. 

10. Marketing  

After processing and harvesting the soybeans, the next thing is to market and sell your products. Your target should all these manufacturing companies that use beans for food processing such as soya milk, tofu. 

It is important to visit these types of companies around your area and let them know about your soybean farming business. You can also publish a business advert concerning your product in your local agriculture newspaper and magazines. 

You can also hire someone that can assist in getting contacts from the companies that need your line of business. Also, visit your local markets and supply to them. 

Why are Soybeans Useful?

Soybeans are known to be one of the plants that give full protein benefits because it has all the eight amino acids that are good for human health in them. 

It contains an increased amount of protein that can be seen in grain or legume. Some amount of fat, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber can be found in soybeans. It can serve as a treatment for many chronic diseases.  

In Conclusion

The soybeans farming business is a profitable business that you can venture into, due to its rich in protein and that makes it have an increased market demand. And soybeans can also be used as an alternative for meat, because it is rich in protein.

Another good thing about this soybean is that it can be preserved for long more than other crops, you can store or preserve it by drying, canning and others, which means that you don’t have to be bothered about its spoilage.  

Therefore, starting a soybeans farming business can earn you much profit, but it requires dedication, good management of your crops and proper care. And taking note of the above tips can also be a guide on how you can start a successful soybeans farming business.   

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